Global obesity on the rise

Global obesity on the rise Featured

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More fat, more sugar, more salt, less exercise – more and more people around the world are suffering the consequences. Since 1980, the WHO's report reveals levels of obesity have doubled in every region of the world. Half a billion people, or 12 per cent of the global population, are now considered obese. One in three adults suffer from high blood pressure – a condition that causes half of all deaths from stroke and heart disease. And blood sugar levels are rising too – 10 per cent of the world's population is diabetic

The WHO's report is not all bad news though: the statistics show that maternal mortality rates have fallen dramatically in the last 20 years, from over half a million in 1990 to less than 300,000 in 2010. And vaccination campaigns have significantly reduced deaths from childhood diseases such as measles.

But the global rise in deaths from heart disease, cancer and diabetes, and the rise in the conditions which lead to those deaths, is causing alarm. The WHO wants all its member states to tackle risk factors such as poor diet, and smoking, and set targets for reducing deaths.

Vocabulary and definitions

exercise

ˈeksəsaɪz

activity, physical movement

consequence

ˈkɒnsɪkwəns

the effect

reveal

rɪˈviːl

to make something known to somebody

obesity

əʊˈbiːsəti

fatness, having too much body weight

suffer

ˈsʌfə(r)

experience, endure something negative

blood sugar levels

blʌd ˈʃʊɡə(r) ˈlevl

the amount or concentration of glucose in the blood

diabetic

ˌdaɪəˈbetɪk

to suffer from diabetes - a disease where the body produces too much sugar in the blood

mortality rates

mɔːˈtæləti

deaths in an area relating to the population number

vaccination

ˌvæksɪˈneɪʃn

medicine to protect against diseases

measles

ˈmiːzlz

an infectious disease, especially of children, that causes fever and small red spots that cover the whole body

risk factor

rɪsk  ˈfæktə(r)

behaviour that increases the likelihood of something

set target

set ˈtɑːɡɪt

establish goal

 

Nguồn: BBC

 

 

 

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